Mathematical analyses was did examine informative shows among understanding design teams and you may sample the importance of pairwise differences

Statistical studies

All data were analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Science software (IBM Corporation, version 20.0 for Windows). Descriptive statistics were summarized as frequencies and percentages for categorical variables. Continuous variables were presented as mean and standard deviation when normally distributed and as median and interquartile range when not normally distributed. Mann-Whitney U test was used for between-group analyses of abnormally distributed variables. The variables were investigated using visual (histograms, probability plots) and analytical methods (Kolmogorov-Smirnov/Shapiro-Wilk test) to determine whether they showed normal distribution. As parameters were not normally distributed, the correlation coefficients and their significance were calculated using Spearman test. Strength of correlation was defined as very weak for r values between 0.00–0.19, weak for r values between 0.20–0.39, moderate for r values between 0.40–0.69, strong for r values between 0.70–0.89, and very strong for r values over 0.90 . As the academic performance was not normally distributed, the Kruskal-Wallis test was conducted to compare this parameter among the six learning style groups. The Mann-Whitney U Test was performed to test the significance of pairwise differences using Bonferroni correction to adjust for multiple comparisons. An overall 5% type-I error level was used to infer statistical significance (p < 0.05).

Overall performance

A maximum of 217 physiotherapy college students was in fact enjoy to participate the study. To get college students would not take part. Ten surveys was basically thrown away because of destroyed goods responses. This is why, study extracted from 184 people were used into the analyses. Full effect price was 84.8%.

Group qualities (gender, year) and you will learning build tastes was showed from inside the Desk cuatro. The most common studying appearance one of many physiotherapy youngsters according to the fresh GRLSS had been Collective (34.8%) and you may Separate (22.3%). The results away from GRLSS subscale ratings got inside the Desk 5. The highest subscale rating try Collaborative (Suggest ± SD = 3.57 ± 0.62), when you find yourself Aggressive score was a low (Indicate ± SD = 2.81 ± 0.69).

A moderate positive correlation between academic performance and Participant score was found (p < 0.001, r = 0.400). A weak negative correlation was also found between academic performance and Avoidant score (p < 0.001, r = ? 0.317). No other significant correlation between academic performance and subscale scores was found (Table 6).

When students were grouped according to learning styles, between-group (Kruskal-Wallis) analysis showed a significant difference in the academic performance of the groups (p < 0.001). Post-hoc (Mann-Whitney U) analysis revealed significantly higher academic performance in the Participant learning style group compared to all of the other learning style groups (Independent, Avoidant, Collaborative, Dependent, and Competitive) (Table 7).


The current studies reviewed the educational designs of Turkish physiotherapy pupils, and you will investigated the relationship between its learning looks and you may educational abilities. The results revealed that new Collective discovering build are most frequent among Turkish physiotherapy children. not, students which have Participant learning concept got mathematically large academic results whenever as compared to anybody else. At exactly the same time, we receive a confident correlation between Fellow member get and you may informative results of one’s students, and that supports the prior looking for, while you are a terrible correlation try discover ranging from Avoidant get and you will informative performance. Regarding physiotherapy youngsters within research, the fresh new importance should be into developing New member and Collaborative understanding event. This might include providing significantly more classification affairs, talks, and you may class ideas.

The newest physiotherapy system within DEU features a blended case study-oriented and you will traditional style training in addition to lectures, tutorials, conferences, case study demonstrations, and you may monitored small percentage systematic practice from the medical at most other wellness locations. Reading opportunities and you may testing actions become individual written examinations, simple inspections, research and you can projects together with collaborative oral speech and you will browse ideas. On physiotherapy abuse, medical routine improves students’ occupational enjoy that is recognized as good extremely important a portion of the knowledge process [several, 27]. Also, the fresh training and you may discovering approach from the DEU was greatly according to simple studies and requires active contribution and you will group functions. This is often a reason for the greater preference getting Collective training concept.

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